People have collected medicinal herbs in this region for many generations, and plants historically have played an integral role in the Bosnian Herzegovinian lifestyle. Fertile with mountains, forests, wild areas and plenty of rain, the countryside offers an abundance of plants, namely raspberry, blackberry, linden flower, primrose, hawthorn, dandelion, elder, nettle, and sage—long valued for their medicinal use and an important source of income for rural Bosnian Herzegovinians.
Today, some 10,000 local families depend on the income they receive from herb wildcrafting (collecting) and cultivation, much like Dika, a widowed farmer who sources most of her food from the family garden, fruit trees, and foraging. She cans or dries much of what she grows and collects for the winter months. With the help of her cows and chickens, she also sells milk, eggs, butter, and cheese. This said, Dika still struggles to make ends meet. With her husband deceased and her son unemployed, she is left with the burden of providing for her family. Dika has been teaching her daughter-in-law wildcrafting, and, with the help of FairWild premiums from TM, her son now has the use of tractor to drive up to the mountains to collect herbs.